Since potatoes are in the nightshade family, and hence they are susceptible to many of the same diseases as other members of … The part we eat is the tuberous root of a vining plant that is closely related to morning glories (Ipomoea tricolor) and youll easily see the similarity in leaves to the sweet potato vines we now grow as ornamentals. Any sweet potato showing signs of rot will likely not yield viable sprouts. Cucumbers. Root crops such as carrots, parsnips and beets. Shop Bean Seeds on Amazon.com from $1.59. A few recommended sweet potato varieties from the University of Illinois Extension include: Water your sweet potatoes regularly throughout the growing season. But once you get them out in the garden, what are the plants that grow well with sweet potato vines? The Iowa State University Extension suggests that 50 plants will yield about one bushel (50 pounds) of sweet potatoes, or 1 pound per plant. What to Companion Plant Near Tomatoes: Chives, Onions, and Garlic~ Members of the onion family are great companions and beneficial to plant with many types of crops due to the pungent odor they emit.This helps deter many insect pests. This will not work for sweet potatoes. So what are some of the best companion plants for sweet potatoes? Since horseradish is such a good companion for potatoes, many other brassicas (members of the cabbage... 2. If that’s the case and if you have always wanted to grow sweet potatoes in a pot, either because you do not have a huge garden or you simply want to try something new, then … Potatoes are part of the same plant family as tomatoes,... 3. Sweet potato slips are produced by year-old sweet potatoes in hot beds at large specialty farms in mid to late spring. Aromatic herbs such as summer savory, thyme, oregano and dill which may help repel pests. … Because of this, one plant to avoid, in particular, when planting next to sweet potatoes is squash . Remember to … But thyme is a spreading perennial, so it's best to place a potted thyme near sweet potatoes. Water the soil around the plants evenly, and make sure the roots aren't constantly wet. Plant sweet potatoes in warm soil about a month after the last spring frost. If you live in cooler climates you might still be able to grow sweet potatoes with a … But you should rotate tuber … How Many Sweet Potatoes per Plant? But sweet potatoes are easy to grow and make a beautiful plant in your garden. Beans. Weed the sweet potato beds starting 2 weeks after planting to keep weeds down. Bush beans are good sweet potato companions, and certain varieties of pole beans can be trained to grow along the ground intermingled with sweet potato vines. Plant Sweet Potato with these Great Vegetables, Herbs, and Flowers. Sweet potatoes are long, vining, warm season plants with sweet, delicious tubers. Summer savory and thyme are also good choices, Garden.eco states. Use toothpicks to hold the potato in place (Image 1). The biggest problem with planting next to sweet potatoes is their propensity to spread. How to Plant Sweet Potatoes – Sweet potato or in a scientific language named Ipomoea batatas L., is one type of cultivation plant because the way to plant it is relatively easy.. Although they are legumes and will enrich the soil, the sweet potatoes will crowd out your bush bean plants. Also, don't be tempted to plant bush beans. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. That, in turn, leads to a higher sweet potato yield. Mishappen sweet potatoes: Rocky or clumpy soil is the likely culprit. Remember that sweet potato vines will often take up quite a lot of space and spread to cover the bed. As legumes, pole beans also add nitrogen to the soil, another plus for sweet potatoes. About a month after planting sweet potatoes, fertilize with an organic fertilizer with phosphate and potassium to encourage more root development. Sweet potatoes may be associated with the southern U.S., but they will grow in just about any garden. Sweet potatoes (ipomoea batatas) are ideal for large vegetable gardens. When you plant potatoes, avoid planting them near: Apple, peach, and cherry trees. Once established, fertilize every two to three weeks with a high-potash fertilizer to encourage tuber growth. Few gardeners want just one plant in their garden, including vegetable gardens. Tomatoes (And Other Members of the Nightshade Family). Plant them after the soil has reached 70 degrees Fahrenheit, and all danger of frost and cool weather well past. 8 Plants To Avoid Planting Near Potatoes 1. Shop Beet Seeds on Amazon.com from … It is even best to avoid planting potatoes is the same soil where nightshade plants have recently been grown. And what are those that don’t? Because of this, one plant to avoid, in particular, when planting next to sweet potatoes is squash. Potatoes don’t grow well alongside many plants, so take care when planning out your vegetable garden. The best way to grow potatoes is from potatoes, but not just any potato will do: they have to be specially-grown seed potatoes from a garden supply store. “Bunch” Porto Rico Sweet Potatoes. Once your sweet potatoes have sprouted, you have to separate them … Sweet potatoes don’t grow from an “eye” like a white potato. Once your sweet potatoes and companion plants are in the ground, it's important to keep the area around the potatoes weeded while they establish themselves, reports the University of Illinois Extension. To repel insects, plant oregano and dill near sweet potatoes. This spring I bought an organically grown sweet potato at the grocery store and planted it in a shallow pot to sprout. Plant Beans with sweet potatoes ————————-. Beets and parsnips will inhabit the upper layer of soil above the sweet potato root, so these plants can be sown in the fall and winter near sweet potato plants. If you would like to know how to grow a big harvest of sweet potato watch this video for my five top tips on sweet potato growing! Believe it or not, sweet potatoes aren’t really related to the regular potatoes we’re all used to. Because of this long growing period, you may need to start your plants inside. Carrots, asparagus, fennel, turnip, onions and sunflowers can stunt the growth and development of potato tubers. Companion planting is a technique practiced by many gardeners. Pole beans and tomatoes grow vertically, and they like the same loose, loamy soil that sweet potatoes prefer, says Garden.eco. Pole Bean Pinching: Why Do You Pinch Bean Tips? You can plant veggies that grow vertically near sweet potato vines, as long as you provide trellises or cages that will prevent the plants from competing with the sweet potatoes for ground space. There are, however, many beneficial potato plant companions. Both are strong growers and fierce spreaders, and putting the two next to each other will only result in a fight for space in which both will likely be weakened. If you're planting companion plants for your sweet potatoes, which are hardy perennials in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 9 to 11, but can be grown as annuals in zones 1 to 8, according to the Missouri Botanical Garden, make sure to allow ample room around each plant for the vines to spread. Companion planting is something most gardeners practice in one way or another. Place each section in a jar or glass of water with half of the potato below the water and half above. Black rot does not affect other crops apart from sweet potatoes and potatoes, so it is safe to plant other crops in the same bed next year. Gardeners Supply recommends planting in soil that is at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit. In some cases, it’s purely for ornamental purposes, as when you combine vegetables and flowers. I snapped off the sprouts after they had developed some leaves and potted them up in small pots until it was warm enough to plant them outside. Although it is in the nightshade family, you should avoid planting potatoes near any other plants in the nightshade family. … In other cases, it’s with the idea of deterring insect pests or improving the soil. Keep reading to learn about companion plants for sweet potatoes. Companion planting can help make more efficient use of space. Side-dress the sweet potato plants 3 to 4 weeks after transplanting with 3 pounds of 5-10-10 fertilizer per 100 feet of row. The slips are too fragile to survive without tight contact from moist soil. She keeps reminding herself that gardening is a process, not an outcome. To start your slips, you need several healthy, clean sweet potatoes. Occasional small harvests of greens to eat is fine, but do not prune back vigorous vines for the best-sized harvests. Your nearby sweet potato companion plants should keep down the pests to help ensure a successful harvest. Plant beets with sweet potatoes ————————-. If you live in USDA zones 1 through 8, remember that sweet potatoes need 90 days in warm soil to grow properly, according to the Old Farmer's Almanac. Space sweet potato plants 12 to 18 inches apart in damp, loamy soil with a pH of 5.8 to 6.2. Once established, the sweet potato vines will cover the exposed ground around the plants and even establish new roots where leaf nodes meet the ground. A Better Way To Plant, Grow And Harvest Sweet Potatoes Unfortunately, as much as we love to eat them, we have always had a bit of trouble growing a successful crop. They are not the easiest type of sweet potatoes to find, but they are extremely popular with lovers of sweet potatoes. Even in the case of companion plants for sweet potatoes, be aware that your sweet potato vine will grow to cover a very large area, and take care that it doesn’t crowd out its beneficial neighbors. Potato plants also should not be planted in the same spot where eggplant, tomatoes and anything in the nightshade family has previously been planted. There are a couple of new sweet potato varieties that, along with soil warming techniques, make it possible to grow sweet potatoes anywhere in the United States, according to Gardeners Supply. To repel insects, plant oregano and dill near sweet potatoes. 4. Your best bet for big sweet potatoes is to water evenly throughout the season. Instead you need to start a plant from the potato itself. As the owner of an updated older home, she jumps at the chance to write about the fun and not-so-fun parts of home repair and home upkeep. Growing Sweet Potatoes. Before you start sprouting your sweet potatoes, check to make sure they will be viable. Water them in well and keep the soil wet until the slips start putting out new l… The planting method for sweet potatoes is very different from planting white potatoes. Sweet potato slips must be planted in moist soil with about an inch of stem and leaf above the ground. Buy seed potatoes from a garden supply store. Using fabric mulch can help warm the soil enough to plant them. How to Grow Sweet Potatoes. As a rule of thumb, root vegetables, such as parsnips and beets, are good sweet potato companions. Depending on variety, sweet potatoes need between 100 and 150 days of good hot weather – above 65 F. (18 C.) but easily up to 100 F. (38 C.) – to mature, meaning they often have to be started indoors early in the spring. Pole Bean Supports: How To Stake Up Pole Beans. Avoid planting with squash and pumpkins which will compete for space and nutrients. Look for pitting, molding, or large areas of soft flesh and discoloration. Before planting, improve your native soil by mixing in several inches of aged compost or other rich organic matter. One plant can produce several sweet potatoes. Plant sweet potatoes in 8-inch high mounds of loose, loamy soil, according to the University of Illinois Extension. Regular potatoes from a grocery store are often treated with pesticides which can spread disease through your whole crop, so either order your seeding potatoes from a catalog or hit the … Sweet potato weevil, a pest that can wreak havoc on crops in the Southern United States, can be deterred by planting summer savory nearby. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. If you have peach, apple, or cherry trees in your yard, plant your potatoes far away. These plants form vines and like to spread out, so don't plant any companion plants too close. Check your sweet potatoes for rot before planting. There are many varieties of sweet potatoes. Small, scraggly sweet potatoes: This is likely due to overwatering. Karen Gardner spent many years as a home and garden writer and editor, and she is now a freelance writer. Planting purple sweet potatoes can be challenging, as they require a long growing season (around 120 days), and consistent, hot weather. Typically, harvest the sweet potatoes 85 to 100 days after planting. Both are strong growers and fierce spreaders, and putting the two next to each other will only result in a fight for space in which both will likely be weakened. Information on How to Grow Peanuts From Seed, Gardeners Supply Company: How to Grow Sweet Potatoes, University of Illinois Extension: How to Grow Sweet Potatoes, Garden.eco: Sweet Potato Companion Plants, The Old Farmer's Almanac: Growing Sweet Potatoes, Companion Planting: Sweet Potato Planting Chart, Missouri Botanical Garden: Ipomoea Batatas. Technically perennials, they are usually grown as annuals due to their warm weather requirements. She also enjoys spending time in her garden, each year resolving not to let the weeds overtake them. This includes eggplant, peppers, and tomatoes. White potatoes have enough water and energy stored that they can be planted above the ground and covered with straw while the leaves emerge. To grow your own purple sweet potatoes, check out the following steps: Choose a site. 1) Choosing Plants Potatoes come in white, yellow, and dark orange with brown or reddish-brown skin. The part that is often used from sweet potatoes is the roots that form tubers with high nutrient and carbohydrate content. Fruit trees like peach, apple, and cherry often attract blight, a disease that can decimate a potato crop. To create sprouts, carefully wash your potatoes and cut them either in half or in large sections. Brassicas. Note that sweet potatoes need lots of water, but are susceptible to rot if the soil is not well draining. Generally, sweet potatoes need a long and hot growing season, at least four months. Beets. Therefore, you must be wondering if there’s any way to grow sweet potatoes in a pot, indoors. Regular potatoes, though not actually closely related at all, are also good sweet potato companions. It also includes avoiding certain plants, known as antagonists, like winter squash. If you have sandy soil, use 5 pounds. Plant slips so that the sprouts grow up toward the sky, not sideways. Each sweet potato can produce up to 50 slip sprouts. Planting Sweet Potatoes in Garden: Set rooted slips in the garden on mounded rows 12 inches (30cm) wide and 8 inches (20cm) high; space rows 3 feet apart (.9m); plant slips at 12 to 18-inch (30-45cm) intervals. Make sure your soil is loamy and well broken-up. Also, aromatic herbs, such as thyme, oregano and dill, are good sweet potato companions. Regional To-Do List: December Tasks For Central States, Hard-To-Shop-For Gardeners: Ideas For Unconventional Garden Gifts, Holiday Garden Giving: Ways To Help Others This Season, Gladiolus Seed Pods: Harvesting Gladiolus Seeds For Planting, Can Fresh Tomatoes Be Frozen – How To Freeze Garden Tomatoes, Why Clematis Is Not Blooming: Tips On Getting Clematis To Flower, What Is Coppicing: Tips On Coppicing Trees, The Act Of Giving – Crafty Ways To Give Back, Grateful To Give Back: Sharing The Garden With Others In Need, We’re All In This Together - Passing On Gratitude In The Garden, Recipes From The Garden: Pressure Cooking Root Vegetables. 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