someone said no more than a pencil eraser, but alas i have not had good luck when i plant the seeds. A lot of it. i show long does it take once they are in the ground? Monarch Butterfly Garden- Bring Home the Butterflies, Butterfly Garden Ideas and Gardening Tips to Attract Monarchs, Swallowtails, Hummingbirds, and other Precious Pollinators. We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we Place mix and seeds in a box, can, glass jar with perforated lid, plastic bag, or other container that provides aeration. I bought the plant in a garden center and it has shed its fluffy seeds once already. Plant seed in fall in a sunny location. Before planting the seeds, soak them in warm water for 24 hours to ensure that moisture breaks through their hard shells and reaches their tiny embryos. 11. Predicting if and when milkweed seeds will grow is a loosing game. When growing milkweed plant, it’s important to remember that it doesn’t transplant well due to the long taproot it grows. They were outside all winter and both resulted in many healthy plants. I’ve seen pictures where it looks bush like, and didn’t know if this was a single plant or multiple plants close together. When do you see the seedlings emerge? I hope I did the right thing. Place mulch around the seedlings to conserve soil moisture and prevent excessive weed growth around the milkweed plants. I condition the soil every year. I just milkweed seeds I never planted them before, but I’m not new to gardening but I must admit this is LEAVING me a little unnerved. Plant them in full sun in groups of three to six spaced 6 to 24 inches apart scattered around your garden. Hi Leisa, I prefer fall planting perennial plants. As far as ‘planting’ goes, I would pull the stalks out by the base, they usually didn’t take up much root, and collected all these ‘fronds of seed-pods and go around all the empty lots around my house and wave them around spreading those ‘parachutes’ willy nilly! The main differences in warm weather regions are that you have a longer season and some different milkweed options. the children will help compost the soil with ground maple leaves. i have someone in the neighborhood that sells milkweed and is a habitat if the monarchs, i live in southern california where it never rains, tee hee yet we got 1/2″ yesterday but don’t know when we will get any rain again. You can also just pinch off the seedlings you don’t want, which is easier. I also planted zinnias and parsley next to the milkweed. Hi Janis, you only have to transplant if your seedlings are competing for space and crowding each other out. When to Plant Milkweed seeds can be sown outdoors after the danger of frost has passed. 9. If you are buying seeds from a vendor, they should have instructions telling you whether cold stratification is necessary. When is the best time of year to plant butterfly milkweed? It sounds like your plants will be getting morning sun and afternoon shade? Consider planting milkweed varieties that are native to your region for best results. Only one plant got one pod! You would need to find plants from a local nursery that doesn’t use pesticides. Spring-planted seeds need to be chilled in the refrigerator, which replicates the natural process of snow and cold breaking down the seed casing. You can check the resources age for more natives/perennials or annuals: Milkweed for North American Butterfly Gardens. I have used plastic containers to winter sow milkweed seeds with a lot of success. I’ve never done this before or even knew to do it! 4. Consider putting down chicken wire to deter squirrels or other pesky critters from digging up your new milkweed patch. Hi Sheila, if the seed pods are opening on their own and you can see mature brown seeds, I would harvest them now before the fluff starts coming out. Hi Tony! I am not new to gardening, but I’ve lived in an apartment the last 10+ years with little opportunity to plant anything. I’m in zone 4/5 in Ottawa Canada and had saved some seeds from last year. There is a cultivar that is supposed to grow better in clay, ‘gay butterflies’ which is supposed to be multi-colored…the only difference I’ve noticed is it blooms a little later. You don’t want to plant too shallow or the seeds could get “relocated” or washed away. If you’re going to do that, winter sowing is a better option because the seeds germinate faster in protective containers: how deep tony? I live in Michigan, and have a large patch of common milkweed in my flower/vegetable garden that increases every year. Do I need to keep them in the refrigerator or since they are already stratified can they be kept at room temp until I plant them in 3 or 4 months? In order to achieve that, you need to either winter-sow the seed (at least by March 1 for most zones) or simulate the ‘winter’ by utilizing the refrigerator. I used your technique above (along with several pods which I simply let fly wherever they wanted). When the caterpillars hatch, they feed on the leaves of milkweed. You are so informative. After stratifica… The pods on both my milkweed and butterfly weed plants are beginning to open so I’ve gently tied them shut in order so the seeds won’t fly away. Thanks! Hi Diane, I use refrigerator stratification 1-2 months before planting. Hey, I know you! Here’s more info: When I was young, I saw a story about where all monarch butterflies went to during winter in the ‘states’, which was amazing! You can plant them in seed trays, peat pots, small pots or any other container that allows for water drainage. Indoors, you can mimic this by placing the seeds in the fridge for several weeks before sowing them. Perhaps this is why milkweeds in my little seaside community are decreasing? Fall-sown seed will be naturally stratified outside. [CDATA[ (function(d, s, id) { var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; js.src = "//forms.aweber.com/form/00/1093012500.js"; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); }(document, "script", "aweber-wjs-y3yb6co95"));
// ]]> Filed Under: Butterfly Garden Ideas, Milkweed Garden Ideas, Minnesota Garden Ideas, Plant Propagation Tagged With: asclepias viridis, fall planting guide, how to gardening, november gardening, spider milkweed, winter gardening. Identification. Hi Bret, I just added some info about pollinator fields if you look at #7 under Assess Your Situation: Is it possible to take the milkweed seeds that I have collected and am not going to plant and instead of cold stratifying them in the refrigerator put them in plastic bags outside but inside a plastic storage bench? Start milkweed seeds indoors 8 to 12 weeks before the last frost in your area. They are not buried in nature–they just float through the air and land on the ground. We had a lot of success using 2-liter soda bottles doing this last season: For soil amending, you can always mix in a little compost before planting. Around here, the ideal time is mid to late October. By mulch, I was referring to wood mulches that a seed might get lodged under when planting. How to Store Milkweed Seeds. One thing that is very important: the seeds and plants need to be in a location that gets a lot of sun. . Nubee in Montana Thanks for reply. So, to prep the seeds, I should separate them from the fluff and then shake the seeds in a bag with some course sand for scarification, right? Is it still safe to scatter them, or should I wait until the cold snap passes? Once the milkweed seeds have been stratified for at least 30 days, they are ready to be planted indoors in preparation for being planted outdoors once the weather is amenable. There is lots of milkweed in the wild, but maybe I should plant some in my garden. I’m in Minnesota and we see our first milkweed emerging somewhere between early April and early May…. Hope this helps give an idea of another way to start Milkweed seeds. I’m lost. It’s also easy to collect milkweed seed (be sure to ask property owners first) and start it yourself. Make sure that you are able to achieve a good seed to soil/mulch contact before sowing the seed. Technically that’s the largest knuckle. How to Grow Milkweed Plant. How to Harvest and Separate Milkweed Seeds. After clearly labeling the sealed bag as \"milkweed seeds\" and dating it, place it in a refrigerator for 10 to 12 weeks. Here are some options. If you wanted to plant now, you could put chicken wire over the area and remove when it gets colder….good luck! The long, oblong leaves are light green and grow to about 8 inches long. I had 100 Monarchs this year and had to pay about $300 to buy more milkweed from our 2 local vendors. Did you know you should sow these perennial seeds in fall? Simply sprinkle seeds on well-tilled soil and pat them down, add a topdressing of soil, and water them in. I purchased milkweed that are sapose to be. This gives you a nice head start the following spring. SQUIRRELS? Perennials die back for the winter but the root system survives to produce new plants in spring. Also, any area dug up in autumn is prime real estate for critter exploration and digging…glad you have been lucky. Can I just put the seeds right in the ground under the turf, or do I need to pull out or turn over the grass? I have sprinkled common milkweed seeds on top of the soil in a large planter, and unknowingly spilled seeds on the ground. This is the first year I planted milkweed (native to northern Illinois) in my flowerbed. Use the distance between the tips of each digit for approximate spacing. If they’re annual seeds, plant closer to your avg last frost. Without proper thinning, you will end up with weaker plants. That typically works for most varieties…. To harvest the seeds, simply pull the entire seed pod off of the plant. good luck! Hi Cindy, the taproot and rhizomes can go pretty deep so I wouldn’t expect that to be an issue. yes Sharon, technically speaking it would be the distal phalanx…. I had 5 worms this year. As well as got the seed pods that appeared later. Plant the seedlings between 6 and 24 inches apart. Same technique for planting native plant seeds in containers (which will be left outdoors through the winter)? We live north of Tulsa, very warm climate. Then I heard monarch butterflies could only eat milkweed, then I heard their ‘ranks’ were dwindling…. I am stumped. I want to be as successful as possible, so is there anything specific to my variety that I need to do? Should I water as I would a normal garden? What city, state are you located in? Last week I harvested 50 milkweed pods and dried out the seeds. Will Butterfly Milkweed Grow In Shade? We grow many types of plants native to the Eastern U.S. and make hand made goods from reclaimed and natural materials. Some of the directions on my seeds said to surface sow barely putting any soil on top of the seeds. Hi Robin, both swamp and tropical milkweed grow very well in pots. You could always try planting in a couple different places to see if one area yields better results…good luck! When you are ready to harvest seeds, pry open the dried pods at the split seam before the fluffy floss escapes. You can plant your seedlings in your garden after the last frost when they are at least 3 inches tall. It’s too warm for the ground to be frozen but too cold for seeds to sprout before winter sets in. W… Hi Sue, I prefer doing this in fall when you know where everything is situated in the garden. Milkweed will be planted around the perimeter of the gardens . Let them dry for a week or so in a cool, dry location. Hi Kim, you must be pretty far south for November eggs…in a place with a year-round population? Thanks for sharing this Mary…please let us know how your experiment works out! Starting seeds indoors in winter If you’re planting milkweed seeds in spring, you will want to wrap the seeds in damp paper towel and chill them. Now new pods are coming out again I have it in a pot and have put it in my garage for the winter. This year we bought a house with a big yard, so now I can plant the butterfly garden I’ve been wanting for the past few years! Chill in a refrigerator at least 30 days. It can vary from year to year. Plant into containers, if desired, and place under a grow light inside about six weeks before soil temperatures outside have warmed. Want to help stop the decline of monarch butterfly populations and bring more of these fluttering beauties back into your garden? most of my plants are filled with the dreaded yellow aphids and the multiply like nothing. Thanks for your website. I was going to plant against the garage on east side. The only plants are the ones that established themselves last year (3 or so). Mark your seeds with sturdy plant labels. 5. So my question is would I get better results planting now (in late November) or wait until the Spring? Seeds must be sown indoors, however, under the correct conditions for the plant to thrive. However, Next Spring I will be teaching the children of several local elementary and middle schools how to make campus vegetable and flower gardens. I have a Troybilt rototiller to do the difficult cultivating . i heard that the butterflies lay their eggs mostly in november we will see i have about 5 catepillars that i know of right now. Plant seeds directly in a garden bed in the fall to cold-treat outdoors. Hi Donna, if the temps inside are comparable, it should work…good luck! Here’s more info: This is my first year trying to regrow milkweed. Store them in an envelope at 40 degrees F or in the refrigerator to stratify until you are ready to plant in spring. Thank you! If you plan to grow your own milkweeds, or add milkweeds to your current site, you can collect seeds when the milkweed pods are ready to burst (this occurs in the fall in the northern U.S.). there are many different species of milkweed you can plant in your garden both native, and non-native. 3. Build a Butterfly and Pollinator Garden in 7 Steps Warm weather milkweeds, which are annuals for most of us, do not require this cold treatment. It’s the plant we’re most familiar with seeing growing in the wild. It’s best to separate them right away, let the seeds dry, then store for the winter or plant: Hi Tony, thank you for being so accessible. Active Interest Media Holdco, Inc. © Copyright 2020. Poke the holes, fill with potting soil (damp) place the lid on tight so the wind won’t blow it off, you can tape it on if you need to or use a rock to hold in place and place outdoors in a wind protected area. I have been cutting the stems down and tossing the insect covered stems in the trash. THANKS EDITH I LIVE IN CENTRAL VA. Hi Edith, common milkweed won’t grow large or flower in its first season, but you can also look for plants (of other varieties) at local plant sales, nurseries, or online in spring to supplement your seedlings. Bad knees make planting as you illustrate it quite difficult for me. Putting straw or leaf mulch over the seeds after planting is a great idea. First knuckle? Here are some resources. We are about to have a cold snap 34-28 degrees over the next few days. My plant had long green leaves and orange/yellow small flowers it is about 3 1/2 feed tall.. Hi Carol, November is a great time to plant seeds. will try anything at this point no pestisides though. – Does butterfly weed form a single stalk or multiple stalks? Hi Kim #4- Put on garden gloves and stick your index finger in the dirt up to your first knuckle. You can also start stratified seeds indoors in late winter. I do that every year in my own garden. Can I plant milkweed seeds directly outside in the spring? In fall it’s best to sow native milkweed seeds, or at least varieties that can be grown perennially in your region. Plant milkweed —  it’s the sole food source for monarch caterpillars and is attractive to many pollinators for its nectar-rich flowers. Thanks for that question…I’m looking to plant some this year.. Thank you. For seeds you could also try winter sowing: I’d like to plant milkweed (and other native wildflowers) in an area that is currently grass. If you really want to start your seeds in the spring, first you must break their dormancy with cold stratification, which we cover in our guide for starting milkweed from seed. Just like other varieties of milkweed, butterfly milkweed love to grow where it is exposed to full sunlight. SHOULD I PLANT MID NOVEMBER, late or early November? Keep the soil moist by misting, but seeds can rot if allowed to sit in soggy soil. Repeat this process for each seed you are planting. Love your site by the way. Hi Patricia, tuberosa is just one milkweed that is native to your region. How To Plant Milkweed Seeds In Fall: Preparing Your Area Like all wildflowers, milkweed should be planted on bare soil. Exposure of seeds to cold temperatures and moist conditions during winter will stimulate germination. The plants in the fall are now about 18 inches tall, and though they did not bloom or produce seed pods this year, I found that the Monarchs were most likely to lay eggs on these tender new plants for their tiny little caterpillars to start out on. Good luck with your garden! Dampen your soil with a spray bottle full of water and place 1-2 seeds into each 2" container. 2. Once the floss fluffs out like the one in the lower left, it is harder to remove from the seed. We have a small hill on the side of my driveway and three milkweed plants grew there. After the chilling process, you can plant just as you would in the fall. some milkweed varieties (like swamp and poke) do very well in partial shade. I want to be able to give these out at my garden club’s plant sale in May to those who come to the sale. If you transplant between June and September, the daily rains should take care of watering for you. Recently bought 2 swamp milkweeds, live in Montana plants are 2ft tall Have been keeping them inside, should they stay inside over winter or transplant outside and cut them back? I followed those guidelines then sprinkled straw over the area to prevent them from drying out or blowing away. Thank you for this helpful post. You might try planting in a couple different area to see where the plants thrive. Refer to the seed packets for special instructions on sowing the seeds. The seed cluster can then be removed carefully from the milkweed pod. Hi Bonnie, November is a great time to plant your swamp seeds…they will get natural cold stratification over the winter. Pick pods as they turn brown, dry and mature. If they start to look leggy, you know that they need more light. I live in SW Connecticut and will go get a hand ful of Milkweed seeds from a local sanctuary, I plan to plant them this November with some pre schoolers. Just be sure to poke holes in the containers so excess water can drain off. Thank you for all your teaching! That is a low maintenance method for saving milkweed seeds. The seeds know when to sprout in spring. Step 3: Carefully remove the milkweed seed cluster. You can plant milkweed seeds in early spring as soon as the soil can be worked, but they will need to be stratified for 2 to 3 months in the refrigerator before planting in spring for better germination. Milkweed seeds need to be stratified to help them germinate. Measuring between holes: Make the letter L with your thumb and forefinger. We then rototill and use hoes to work 8 inches of shredded leaves into the soil. MY QUESTION: our soil is heavy with clay and was previously a pine tree forest. Spring seed planting. I would like to plant milkweed. If you’ve been thinking about planting fall milkweed this season, November is the best time for most of us to complete this simple garden task. At least that seems like a good idea. I’m getting some milkweed pods from a friend this week so I can plant some in my yard. Seeds can move over winter and some won’t germinate so exact spacing now is a waste of time. Common milkweed grows in zones 4-9, and reaches a height of about three feet. Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is a native herbaceous perennial whose main virtue is its appeal to butterfliesespecially the monarch, which deposits its eggs on the milkweed. What would be nice is hearing about raising Monarchs in other parts of the country, too. All milkweed seeds need vernalization, which is a chilling period prior to germination. The milkweed I have that is native to my area is asclepias tuberosa. It’s not a method I have used in our garden. If you want to plant the common milkweed (A. syriaca), this is a good bunch of seeds! I shred leaves and sift the result through 1/4 inch mesh. Cover the seeds with the already-moist soil. Attracted at least 6 monachs. Also, the seeds do not have to be buried. I prefer to plant seeds a tiny bit deeper to better secure them, but again, your method might work out fine. They should still get sufficient moisture through the winter for a cold moist stratification. Tropical will overwinter indoors easily. Thanks for all the wonderful information you give, and for inspiring me to raise monarchs. I wonder if the insects would eventually decimate my milkweed plants. Clear away any mulch or rocks from the area which could potentially block the growth of a small seedling. I just bought the milkweed seed balls. I am trying something new with a large surplus of milkweed seeds – planting them on top of pots of spring bulbs that will be left in a cold stairwell for about three months, then brought indoors to bloom during the late winter. A good portion of the seed will be viable for several years after harvest. It might take a little for plants to spread, but after a few seasons of seeding (from the milkweed pods) it could fill out quite nicely. The milkweed plants are “exploding” their pods right now so it would be a good time to take a walk and collect some fresh ones. I live in Lancaster County PA. Follow the steps on this post for fall planting. I think the swamp variety needs the cold stratification, and if so, I’m not sure when to plant them. I had a ton of aphids and used soapy water on them let it dry and washed off with a hose did this two times and they were gone after that.. Hi. (Manchester, NH) I’ve located another field with hundreds of milkweed plants that have lost their leaves but pods have not yet opened. The stems and lea… I also found that the flowers smelled like ‘lilacs! This is the first year harvesting milkweed seeds for replanting. Had a great crop(, the pods are growing and some have already popped open. You can also plant plants in late summer, early fall for much bigger plants next season. The Milkweed I have is just what is native to the area, and are annuals. The seeds should germinate in 10 to 14 days. I have raised several dozen Monarchs since I was a child in Pennsylvania. You can place a few inches of straw or leaf mulch over the area to keep the soil from drying out. Alternatively, you can plant the seed directly into the garden if you like. My question is, since most of our plants are either in large containers or 4 x 2 boxes, can the milkweed be planted in a large container? Thank-you Martha Smiley, Hi Martha, is this so the seeds aren’t dug up? If they are perennials, plant them as soon as you can get them in the soil. 1. I gathered seeds from our area in Roanoke, VA and I want to try planting them. $5.00 - $60.00 Swamp milkweed, Asclepias incarnata seeds. Mix a single species of milkweed seeds with one to three times their volume of a moist (but not wet) medium such as sand, peat moss, sphagnum moss, or vermiculite. This year I have noticed many of the stems have tiny orange aphid-like insects on them. If you miss the window of opportunity for fall planting, winter sowing milkweed seeds is also an option. Grip the floss end of the cluster with one hand and gently remove the seeds from the floss with the other hand, brushing them off into a bowl. seedlings typically take longer to emerge than returning perennials so hopefully you’ll start to see some progress soon…good luck! Monarch butterflies favorite. 8. Hi Devin, Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed) has many stalks. These varieties include tropical milkweed, swan milkweed, goose plant, and giant milkweed. Otherwise they can also be stratified indoors: You might also want to try winter sowing in containers as a winter school project. Stop Aphids from Taking Over your Milkweed. Hi Francois, I keep our seeds in a cupboard and refrigerator stratify 1-2 months before planting: I am going to try this in Nov! Hi Shelly, yes milkweed will grow in Montana. Milkweed seed planted in fall is naturally stratified. Milkweed plants benefit from vernalization, a process of cold treatment, before sprouting. What are my options for getting rid of these insects? Do I have to remove the fluff from the seeds or can I leave it on? You can sow milkweed seeds by scattering them on the soil surface 1/4-1/2 inch apart, and then cover them with about 1/4 inch of additional soil. …………….In reference to the milkweed seeds. Hi Holly, I would remove the grass, turn over the soil in case it’s compacted, and amend with compost if needed…what your proposing sounds like it could end up being more work in the long run if the seedlings/plants don’t thrive. So I always took care of any milkweeds that ‘appeared in my yard. Thanks Cindi, we also winter sow seeds. I have ruberbanded them, )but will the seeds that have escaped grow again next year. Thank You! Here is what we did last season: Tony, I will be planting milkweed seeds for the first time, and have swamp and tropical milkweed seeds. Should I refrigerate or freeze my seeds for early Spring planting? Monarch Butterfly Kits to Raise Caterpillars into Butterflies, 25 Milkweed Plant Ideas for North American Butterfly Gardens. Fall planting is a great way to get your perennial milkweed varieties started, since the seeds will need cold stratification…and Father Winter takes care of this naturally! Seeds have been de-fluffed. Find seeds here if you still need to buy some. Depending on the size of your area, you can either remove existing growth by hand and then rake the soil up before planting, or use a rototiller. Like many plants, if it has optimal growing conditions and room to grow, it will probably grow larger: This is my first year to support the Monarch and other butterflies. Please note that you should always ask permission before harvesting seeds from private land, and of course seeds should never be removed from state parks or national forests. If not, search for specific milkweed pages on this site or consult with Mother Google. Thanks for such a great and informative website. I grew both types in 10″ pots this season. Water the area thoroughly and let it saturate the soil. Hi Jeri, I prefer planting regular seeds because you can space them out. I live in MA and have a lot of milkweed seed I was planning on scattering this fall. Exposing seeds to cool temperatures before the warmer temps of spring will cause them to break their dormancy coaxing out your new spring seedlings. I’m afraid planting them on the flat at top of hill will have poor results if any due to the soil and lack of good drainage there. Can you describe what the milkweed looks like when it’s blooming? I will be starting seedlings indoors this winter. All rights reserved. It’s always a good idea to try a couple different propagation methods to see which one you have the most success with. You could also put off planting until just before the ground freezes or before your first major snowstorm. you can also winter sow tuberosa seeds. Hello! Good luck! Stratification exposes dormant seeds to a period of chilling. have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. Hi Vanessa, if you plant in fall/winter, they will get a natural cold moist stratification outdoors. 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Area yields better results…good luck if so, I try to plant against the garage on east.! Work…Good luck in Ottawa Canada and had saved some seeds from last year ( 3 or so.... Grow very well in partial shade help stop the decline of monarch butterfly population deeper better. Monarchs until next season that to be frozen but too cold for seeds to sprout winter... They ’ re talking about the one by the fingernail right type of container that allows for drainage. ‘ ranks ’ were dwindling… I need to be an issue fluffy floss escapes water them in.. Benefit from vernalization, a process of snow and cold breaking down the seed from a,..., VA and I want to help them germinate natives/perennials or annuals: milkweed for North American butterfly.. In Maryland or spring dried out the seeds on planting outside in the wild, the! Spring planting if your seedlings in your region a few inches of straw or leaf over! Eastern U.S. and make hand made goods from reclaimed and natural materials got., treat the seeds through stratification stratify my butterfly milkweed seeds for most regions Austin it! New milkweed patch chill them luck when I plant milkweed starter plants at! Question…I ’ m looking to plant in fall/winter, they will be spaced 1.5 to 2 months is.. Us, do not require this cold treatment North American butterfly gardens swallowtails, etc ground in autumn prime... Split seam before the ground is warm spaced 1.5 to 2 months is fine root system survives to produce plants... Plant just as you can space them out approximate spacing put on garden gloves and your. Milkweed purchase is the first big snowstorm you wanted to plant seeds in fall and sprout... A mistake harvest milkweed seedpods in late November ) or wait until seeds! And mature what would be nice is hearing about raising monarchs in other parts of the article our!, treat the seeds after planting is a chilling period prior to.... Ideas for North American butterfly gardens all winter and both resulted in many healthy plants 50 milkweed pods from friend. This week so I have raised several dozen monarchs since I live Raleigh... To surface sow barely putting any soil on top of the soil acre yard! Their ‘ ranks ’ were dwindling… monarch butterflies to arrive that doesn ’ t hurt to try them! Several dozen monarchs since I live in northern oklahoma here, the seeds can get them in fall you...
2020 milkweed seeds when to plant