�CȪ?�S�<=�׫}1���"��I�I���e!�^�?�����G��9,r(%[�z�5����:hk"5�ō��ͣ��(L�� ����,FxM�E��橵-�-�}-��������\^�E��I9*��Ԯ��L�v*��=1�l"R?�l�i:u%����`���#Ȕ�!�E@t8��]\��2�'�d324,�Q|e6��;B����О��S�OOv�R����}�LQP����:����)r���͏CE�1EC�MQ� Pf����ϙ,n�[��i(���iuoX��#e±�A����/RH��s�X��1ƁRkA�͛n:�y��q�������2�C�=���Q��`IoP�}����;��9�? endobj In a critical essay, an author makes a claim about how particular ideas or themes are conveyed in a text, then supports that claim with evidence from primary and/or secondary sources. 0000006716 00000 n 0000001760 00000 n 0000004110 00000 n ظR���j��\aՀ��(�9Ϡ��ѭ��lu�tK�1��~w������$��gDU!��P)�����D>��&�ˤ`��@���4���S' �*�YU㯰�Q����U���D�� i�5�P(k��&. Literary criticism, the reasoned consideration of literary works and issues.It applies, as a term, to any argumentation about literature, whether or not specific works are analyzed. Though this approach rejects the notion that a single “correct” reading exists for a literary work, it does not consider all readings permissible: “Each text creates limits to its possible interpretations.” Structuralism Criticism looks for underlying elements in culture and literature … �� endstream endobj 50 0 obj 584 endobj 51 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 50 0 R >> stream The primary technique employed in the New Critical approach is close analytic reading of the text, a technique as old as Aristotle’s Poetics.The New Critics, however, introduced refinements into the method. It is a type of cultural criticism that focuses on literary texts produced in places that were, at one time, under the influence of European (read: white) colonial rule. How do various elements of … H�tS͎�0��s�*��J�=l���*R�v{p� �F�6}�Θ$d[��(d�ߡ���1ơ��A�&i�&-j0��K�;���TߪN��cT� Another critic might evaluate a poem in terms of its form. Referencing another legitimate literary review often enhances the quality of your reading of a text. The literary criticism is a concept, formed on the basis of critical analysis and primarily estimates the value and merit of literary works for the presence or quality of certain parameters of literary characteristics. 2. 0000005426 00000 n A literary critical analysis explains a work of fiction, poetry or drama by means of interpretations. 0000007349 00000 n It assumes that the author shaped the poem, play, or story so fully that the work guides the reader’s responses. For example, to go along with Chapter 7, “Genre Criticism,” I have added a section on the modern genre of magic realism. 36 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 39 /H [ 1531 250 ] /L 72422 /E 65481 /N 2 /T 71584 >> endobj xref 36 36 0000000016 00000 n Therefore, literature cannot give a reader any one single meaning, because the language itself is simply too ambiguous. literary criticism In biblical studies, this included the investigation of sources and problems of authorship. 0000004089 00000 n What is an interpretation? Because meaning is determinant, all other considerations are irrelevant. 21st Century Literature from the Philippines and the World Unit 1: Contextual Reading Approaches Critical Approaches to Literature - English IV AP Excerpted from The Bedford Introduction to Literature, 2008 Formalist Criticism emphasizes the form of a literary work to determine its meaning, focusing on literary elements and how they work to create meaning. Critical Theories: Marxist, Conflict, and Feminist. H�tS[k�0~��8�64�d'N��&el�0:��=�Ή��HA������v.��H�����?��~������U2]��P{��|m���*�#�lk��cp����W4>y��iUqPm�8�s�j�ĥ(�zQ0��i�U��L�`�K&����I�r:�Z���ppV�;�,��� moral!tendency!of!literary!works!and!to!judge!themon!that! Formalist criticism is placed at the center because it deals primarily with the text and not with any of the outside considerations such as author, the real world, audience, or other literature. It is not only matter of how to read and understanding the work but how to interpret the text within the work. The velocity with which the critical literary scene was sometimes changing was great. Book reviews have the potential to determine whether or not a book will be sold in mass quantities. At the end of this lesson, you should be able to: 1. The velocity with which the critical literary scene was sometimes changing was great. LITERARY(THEORY(An(introduction((!! If someone were to attempt to critique a literary work, they might find that they are doing a broad spectrum of activities, ranging from book reviews to more in-depth theoretical discussions of not only the book, but also the person who wrote the book and the historical events that occurred during the time of original writing. Critical Approaches to Literature - English IV AP Excerpted from The Bedford Introduction to Literature, 2008 Formalist Criticism emphasizes the form of a literary work to determine its meaning, focusing on literary elements and how they work to create meaning. Literary critical theories inform us of certain ways to approach big ideas in the novel. 0000004050 00000 n This is because criticism can see the whole aspect of literary work, based on the critic used in seeing the literary work. 1. ^�Qk�G���O� ����S���P��E�N%��҂. Description. 21st Century Literature from the Philippines and the World Unit 1: Contextual Reading Approaches x��\�o�_`�=�@�EQ� �l��ۢZ`q���b˱�6�ds�_ߙ! For Marx, most individuals in Deconstructionists In short, the approaches of this section should give poets some of the tools needed to assess their work, and to learn from the successful creations of others. The following definitions are paraphrased from A Handbook of Critical Approaches to Literature, 4th edition, Guerin, Labor, Morgan, Reesman & Willingham. Richards (Practical Criticism, 1929) and William Empson (Seven Types of Ambiguity, 1930). %���� Moral Criticism and Dramatic Construction (c. 360 BC-present) Plato In Book X of his Republic, Plato may have given us the first volley of detailed and lengthy literary criticism.The dialog between Socrates and two of his associates shows the participants of this discussion concluding that art … Alienation. Prof.DavidMiralles,PH.D.! Literary Theory and Schools of Criticism _____ Below or just a few of the many literary theories or lenses that you can use to view and talk about art, literature, and culture. Postcolonial criticism is a new and emerging type of literary criticism. Thus, literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. Another critic might evaluate a poem in terms of its form. It is not always so easy to gauge the underlying issues of a particular wave of approach or practice of criticism. 0000062207 00000 n Literary Theory and Schools of Criticism _____ Below or just a few of the many literary theories or lenses that you can use to view and talk about art, literature, and culture. 2 0 obj Plato’s cautions against the risky consequences of poetic inspiration in general in his Republic are thus often taken as the earliest important example of literary criticism. However, there ar… Some have looked at a story or play from a moral stance, considering how values are represented in a text. The overall functions of literary criticism are not easily compartmentalized. Abstract. 0000001531 00000 n Some sociologists mine literature and other arts to … The primary technique employed in the New Critical approach is close analytic reading of the text, a technique as old as Aristotle’s Poetics.The New Critics, however, introduced refinements into the method. 0000001781 00000 n Interdisciplinary approach, literary text analysis, pre-knowledge, inter-linguistic and extra-linguistic presuppositions, in-depth text sense Received 16 April 2016 Revised 28 May 2016 Accepted 19 June 2016 Introduction At the present time the problem of understanding is becoming one of the That is, the main focus is on the arrangement of language, rather than on the implications of the words, or on the biographical and historical relevance of … A critical analysis is an in-depth examination of some aspect of the literary work You may examine any element of the text: character development, conflicts, narrative point of view, etc. 1 0 obj To help you decide on a literary theory and to begin analyzing your chosen text, consider the questions presented below: Paul!Elmer!More:!It!is!the!critic’s!duty,!to!determine!the! 0000062491 00000 n Types of Literary Criticism : Since ancient times, readers have debated and critiqued literature from a variety of perspectives. Formalist criticism… examines a text as independent from its time period, social setting, and 0000006118 00000 n A critical analysis is an in-depth examination of some aspect of the literary work You may examine any element of the text: character development, conflicts, narrative point of view, etc. 0000007370 00000 n 1. Ranging from traditional approaches to the most contemporary perspectives, such as feminist and gender studies, cultural studies, and postcolonial studies, A Handbook of Critical Approaches to Literature offers readers a variety of clearly articulated approaches to interpreting literature. Criterion: A Journal of Literary Criticism seeks original, well-researched, and intellectually rigorous essays written from diverse critical perspectives and about texts from any time period or literary tradition. Literary criticism, the reasoned consideration of literary works and issues.It applies, as a term, to any argumentation about literature, whether or not specific works are analyzed. The goal of a literary analysis (as with any other analysis) is to broaden and deepen your understanding of a work of literature. Some have looked at a story or play from a moral stance, considering how values are represented in a text. Criticism written by advanced English majors, graduate students, and literary critics may be more about what other critics have said than about the actual text. —GEORGE STEINER Literary criticism is not an abstract, intellectual exercise; it is a natural human re-sponse to literature. %PDF-1.5 How do various elements of … 0000003054 00000 n Literary Theories: A Sampling of Critical Lenses Literary theories were developed as a means to understand the various ways people read texts. Early seminal works in the tradition were those of the English critics I.A. 95. Formalist criticism… examines a text as independent from its time period, social setting, and Below are a few different approaches to literary criticism. 0000006695 00000 n <> University!of!Oregon!! The analysis stresses items like symbols, images, and structure and how one part of the work relates to other parts and to the whole. 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CRITICISM DEFINITION AND USE • “Literary criticism” is the name given to works written by experts who References . Literary criticism is an interpretive process used to weigh the social value of a written idea. Literary criticism has important role in literary studies since several years ago. The 1960s saw the rise of a new, feminist approach to literary criticism. “An informed analysis and evaluation of a piece of literature”. Described below are nine common critical approaches to the literature. Feminist literary criticism is the critical analysis of literary works based on the feminist perspective. Approaches to Literary Criticism ----- Literary criticism is the study, analysis, and evaluation of imaginative literature. ���>7���'�ܠu��g%y{�A�� �AG˴�w>��6�3�n��O~G��ly��ˤ�?Ɣ�Ȧa�������c�X�=�a�ԸB͜�g]e�����h�w�[3�rc�|�,�?LQ�Yk��������LM���: mII�4�3���6�9������ +��J�4��-4Oɓ�v�3�1��Z�p|�� s��,��i��r���3��rf�[��������\�%��&B���.����Y)����N���D� �#��k. Sociological approaches to literature can be divided into two types with two different purposes: 1. Literary critics may sometimes challenge the ideas and values of literature. 0000002161 00000 n Approaches to Literary Criticism. 0000035668 00000 n The Sociological Approach Sociological criticism argues that social contexts (the social environment) must be considered when analyzing a text. Critical reviews can assist you personally by supporting points you may make in your own literary interpretation. 3 0 obj Basic tenets of postcolonial criticism: Seeks to break down the false images and myths 0000029035 00000 n It is not always so easy to gauge the underlying issues of a particular wave of approach or practice of criticism. ��G�-��K���� �x^�rq"����zT6[��7��I����u�W���Z������L����8�����i��h-����0[�z7�׿žA�6}ѻ��8Ń�R]#��(i�;N�t����)���WFGg�I �J�1 �������Wm4P�5�F��a�����6Y�39��U��n%�����!rn� ~��%O���w���y~��5���?>$�]r�uP�I!O*�[�gU���E۰�C�����W����?�ׅ���&��m����< Another concept that is central to critical criminology is alienation (Smith & Bohm, 2008). literary criticism In biblical studies, this included the investigation of sources and problems of authorship. 0000001067 00000 n Indeed, many critics spend more time reading criticism and arguing about critical approaches than actually reading original works. Arising from the social turmoil of the 1960-s, Cultural Studies is an academic discipline which combines political economy, communication, sociology, social theory, literary theory, media theory, film studies, cultural anthropology, philosophy, art history/ criticism etc. Formalist Criticism • Formalist criticism begins with a personal response to the literary work, but it goes on to try to account for the response by closely examining the work. If a friend informs you she is reading a book you have just finished, it would be odd indeed if you did not begin swapping opinions. Historical criticism seeks to interpret the work of literature through understanding the time and culture in which the work was written. Nor should poets despise professional literary criticism. 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