The Black Rhino (Diceros bicornis) a.k.a Hook-lipped rhinoceros is the smaller of the two species, with a weight of between 700-1400 kg. Facts about Black Rhinos 8: the function of the horn. Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. Covers physiology, threats, habitat and much more. The White Rhinoceros is a herbivorous grazer belonging to the order of the Perissodactyla and is the second most massive remaining land animal in the world. Rhinoceros (or shortly - rhino) is the second largest land mammal (elephant is the largest). The rhinoceros has been on our planet for 60 million years. Black rhinos are smaller and lighter than their white rhino counterparts. When moving together with their young, they always walk in front of their calves. Fun Facts for Kids. Learn all about one of our planet’s coolest creatures with our ten top rhino facts! the black rhino. Indian rhino: Vulnerable. Females maintain a 5.8-7.7km2 territory where they live alone or with their last calf.. Reproduction. Here are five interesting facts about the black Rhinos. Fun Fact. It is differentiated from the white Rhino by its size, shape, the temperaments as well as diet. Read these eye-opening facts about rhinoceros and find out! The white rhino, by contrast, has a square mouth, which it uses for grazing. Facts about Black Rhinos 7: the longest horn. Visit us today. Lifespan (in wild): Weight: 500kg -2,500kg Conservation Species on the brink. Countries where Black Rhino live: Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Botswana, Malawi Fun facts. Uncover more facts about rhinos and learn about our work to tackle illegal wildlife trade on the ground where it matters. Rhinos sometimes fight with each other. White rhino are classified as ”‘near threatened”. There happen to be two subspecies of this rhino – the Southern White and the Northern White and the Southern species had a recorded population in 2013 of well over 20,000. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. We also know this species as the ‘hook-lipped rhino’ from the prehensile upper lip with which it grips the woody plant stems on which it feeds. Numbers of Black rhino dropped by a staggering 96% between 1970 and 1995 but thanks to concerted rhino conservation efforts, their numbers are now rising. Today, there are five different kinds of Rhino. It is one of the two species of Rhinos native to Africa. The black rhino is also known as the hook lipped rhino. Black rhinoceroses have a sort of attack-first-and-ask-questions-later attitude. Since then, the species has made a tremendous comeback from the brink of extinction. Their skin coloration is largely based on the soil types near where the rhinos wallow in the mud. It is a low level browser preferring leaves, twigs, and branches typically favoring the edges of thickets and savannas with areas of short woody regrowth and numerous shrubs and herbs. Phylum: Chordata Family name: Rhinocerotidae Classification: Mammal IUCN status: Black, Javan and Sumatran rhino: Critically endangered. Black rhino males weigh about 1,500 – 2,500 kilograms, females about nine hundred kilograms. A black rhino’s skin can be up to 5cm thick. [6] Many of the remaining African rhinos live in guarded sanctuaries to protect them from hunters. Scientists have identified eight distinct regional subspecies of black rhino. September 22 nd is the World Rhino Day, a day to celebrate rhinos around the world and to raise awareness about the threats these magnificent creatures continue to face in the wild. black rhinoceros covered with mud. 5 Fascinating Facts About the Black Rhino. The front horn is larger and may reach 140 cm (55 in) in length, although it's usually 50 cm (20 in) long. It stands 1.5 meters (5 feet) high at the shoulder and is 3.5 meters (11.5 feet) long. The population, which declined by 96% between 1970 and 1992, is critically endangered and at risk from illegal poaching. Adult white rhinos have no natural predators, but juveniles may be taken by lions, hyenas and crocodiles. The black rhino is smaller than the white rhino, although adults can still reach 1.5 metres in height and weigh in at 1.4 tonnes. Sumatran tiger. Far more shy, secretive and aggressive than the white rhino, the black rhino can be more difficult to track and spot. The third largest of all rhino species, the black rhino can be 5 1/2 feet at the shoulder, 12 1/5 feet long and over 3,000 pounds. – These large mammals have no natural predators as adults. The White Rhinoceros is the most abundant rhino subspecies in the world. But rhinos have keen senses of smell and hearing. Fast rhino facts! Almost 8,000 species of fish, amphibian, reptile, mammal and bird are officially categorised as globally threatened, and over 9,600 tree species are in danger of extinction. There are 5 species of rhinos and all of them are endangered because of the excessive hunting. Poachers are killing rhinos because of their horns. Three sub-species are found throughout eastern and southern Africa, although distribution is not what it used to be. Between 1970 and 1993, the population of black rhinos decreased by 96% from approximately 65,000 to only 2,300 surviving in the wild. During the 1970s and 1980s more than 85% of the world's rhino population was killed, bringing this unique animal to the edge of extinction. No set breeding season has been observed for this species. Rhinoceros Facts. An adult black rhinoceros stands 1.50–1.75 m (59–69 in) high at the shoulder and is 3.5–3.9 m (11–13 ft) in length. The native Tswanan name keitloa describes a South African variation of the black rhino in which the posterior horn is equal to or longer than the anterior horn. African rhinoceros in general exhibit 2 horns, consisting of keratin. Read on and enjoy a variety of interesting information about rhinoceros. Black Rhinos, also known as Hook-lipped Rhinos are actually grey in colour. Interesting Rhino Facts 1. These animals can be found in Africa and Asia. Fun Fact. Check out our range of fun rhinoceros facts for kids. This article includes some interesting black rhino facts for kids (and adults) collected from some of our knowledgable and experienced safari field guides. WWF: Black Rhino Info Extensive information by the World Wildlife Fund on the Black Rhino. Interesting Facts About the Black Rhino. The teaching resource can be used in study group tasks for discussion about the black rhino and wildlife conservation of endangered species. Amazing Facts About the Black Rhinoceros. Black rhino. The black rhino is a browser and is often found in thick bush. Another fact is that over 7,100 African rhinos have been killed in the last 10 years for the rhino horn. Black rhinoceros, the third largest rhinoceros and one of two African species of rhinoceros. Two variants of African rhino species exist today: the Black rhino and the White rhino. Ancestors of today’s rhinos roamed the Earth 50 million years ago. Here are 20 interesting facts about rhinos – … Can you mention the function of the black rhinos’ horn? In addition to their fantastic defensive traits, they have a number of small, unique, adaptations to aid in everyday life. Through the facts and information provided, children will also learn about black rhino biology, habitat and behaviour. Black rhinos have suffered the most drastic decline of all rhino species. Between 1960 and 1995, black rhino numbers dropped by a sobering 98%, to less than 2,500. Rhinos can't see well, so they sometimes charge objects like trees and rocks, mistaking them as threats. White Rhino - Ceratotherium simum. The name rhinoceros means ‘nose horn’ and is often shortened to rhino. Black Rhino Facts – The black Rhino is among the rare endangered species in Africa and it is also known as the Diceros Bicornis. The black rhino is a fascinating mammal found at Kariega Game Reserve in the malaria-free Eastern Cape region of South Africa. The African rhinoceros are the living remnants of an ancient, diverse group of ungulates that roamed the grasslands and open savannah of Eurasia and North America for millions of years. Check facts about black mambas here. By most counts, there are less than 30,000 rhinoceroses alive today, a steep plunge in population for a mammal that has existed on the earth, in one form or another, for 50 million years. The rhinoceros horn is made up of keratin - the same structural protein that makes up our hairs and nails. On the other hand, the Northern White is considered critically endangered with just two captive females known to exist. Black rhinos have an excellent sense of smell and can sniff out predators and other rhinos by their scent trail . African elephant. Populations of black rhino declined dramatically in the 20 th century at the hands of European hunters and settlers. Conservation Illegal wildlife trade. Both the black and white Rhino get their color from the mud where they wallow from. Read More. A black rhino carcass with the horn hacked off. The black rhinoceros typically weighs between 700 and 1,300 kg (1,500 and 2,900 pounds); males are the same size as females. These large mammals are amazingly well adapted for survival. The species is distinguished from the white rhino by a prehensile upper lip (hence the alternative name of hook-lipped rhino), which it uses to feed on twigs of woody plants and a variety of herbaceous plants. There are five species of Rhinoceroses—Ceratotherium simum, Diceros bicornis, Rhinoceros unicornis, R. sondaicos, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis—and for the most part, they live in widely separated ranges. While their name implies different coloration, the black rhino is actually a gray or brown. Black rhino females are known to be careful and protective mothers. See more ideas about Rhino facts, Rhino, Rhinoceros. (Image credit: Lowveld Trust.) Please add your questions as a comment below and we will happily provide you with a detailed answer. When a rhino catches the scent of a human or anything else unfamiliar, it is likely to charge. Horn-tastic! The black rhino population in Africa is down 97.6% since 1960 due to over-hunting and horn poaching. - White Rhino Facts. Dec 17, 2014 - Explore Save the Rhino International's board "Black Rhino Facts", followed by 813 people on Pinterest. White rhino: Near threatened. Mountain gorilla. Black rhino males maintain a territory of between 3.9-4.7km2. Black rhinos are browsers that use their hooked lip to pluck at bushes and branches for food. [6] Indian rhinos are also called "greater one-horned rhinoceroses." Black rhino (Diceros bicornis) Intensive anti-poaching efforts have had encouraging results since 1993, and the population now numbers around 5,630 in the wild. Populations of black rhino have been decimated over recent years. The longest horns ever found on black rhinos have the length around 4.9 feet or 1.5 inches. Normally in an area there is a dominant male and then younger males who are submissive to these older males. While the greater one-horned or Indian rhinoceros, Javan rhinoceros, and Sumatran rhinoceros all live in Asia. [11] The manufacture and trade of rhino-horn medicines was banned in China, South Korea, and Taiwan in 1993. The black rhino is “critically endangered” with only around 5,000 remaining in South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, and Kenya. Save the Rhino International works to conserve all five rhino species, by supporting rhino conservation programmes across Africa and Asia. While lions occasionally kill young rhinos, adult rhinos cause each other the most harm! They have a particular liking for acacias. These are the Black rhinoceros and the white rhinoceros, both of which live in Africa. 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